Evaluation of BIPV performance based on the Greenship Standard

Towards Net Zero School Building


  • Susan Susan Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
  • Dyah Kusuma Wardhani Universitas Ciputra
  • Yusuf Ariyanto Universitas Ciputra
  • Daniel Martomanggolo Wonohadidjojo Universitas Ciputra, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Eric Harianto Universitas Ciputra




BIPV, energy-mix, greenship, net zero building, on-site renewable energy


generated from a variety of sources, both renewable and nonrenewable. Switching from nonrenewable to renewable energy sources is one of many strategies that can be used to achieve net-zero buildings. In Indonesia, this strategy is very feasible due to its abundant renewable energy resources, particularly solar energy. This research presents a school building as the proposed case. The school, SCK Citra Garden, is chosen as the pilot project due to its access to solar radiation and its minimum shading conditions. Using Helioscope software, BIPV modelling was simulated on its roof, and the electrical energy output from BIPV was calculated. The substitution percentages of BIPV energy output for conventional electrical energy consumed by the building were then measured. This percentage was compared to the National Energy Mix target and Greenhouse Gas Standard to assess its performance towards net-zero school buildings. The result shows that BIPV has a good performance. Even though the substitution percentage is still below the national energy mix target, it exceeds the greenhouse gas standard target for on-site renewable energy tools.


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Author Biographies

Susan Susan, Universitas Ciputra Surabaya

contributed to Conceptualization, Conceived and designed the analysis; Collected the data; Contributed data or analysis tools; Performed the analysis; Wrote the paper.

Susan, S.T., M.T. is a Assistant Professor in Universitas Ciputra. She joined Universitas Ciputra since 2013 and currently part of Architecture Department.


Dyah Kusuma Wardhani, Universitas Ciputra

collecting the data (literature study); editing the paper.


Yusuf Ariyanto, Universitas Ciputra

Project administration.


Daniel Martomanggolo Wonohadidjojo, Universitas Ciputra, Surabaya, Indonesia



Eric Harianto, Universitas Ciputra

contributed in Collected the data (field observation, investigation)



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Susan Susan


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How to Cite

Susan, S., Wardhani, D. K., Ariyanto, Y., Wonohadidjojo, D. M. ., & Harianto, E. (2023). Evaluation of BIPV performance based on the Greenship Standard: Towards Net Zero School Building. EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, 8(1), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v8i1.1442