Classification of EEG Signals using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS)
Epilepsy is a disease that attacks the brain and results in seizures due to neurological disorders. The electrical activity of the brain recorded by the EEG signal test, because EEG test can be used to diagnose brain and mental diseases such as epilepsy. This study aims to identify whether a person has epilepsy or not along with the result of accurate, sensitivity, and precision rate using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) method. The FFT is used to transform EEG signals from time-based into frequency-based and continued with feature extraction to take characteristics from each filtering signal using the median, mean, and standard deviations of each EEG signal. The results of the feature extraction used for input on the category process based on characteristics data (classification) using ANFIS. EEG signal data is obtained from epilepsy center online database of Bonn University, German. The results of the EEG signal classification system using ANFIS with two classes (Normal-Epilepsy) states accuracy, sensitivity, and precision of 100%. The classification systems with three class division (Normal-Not Seizure Epilepsy-Epilepsy) resulted in an accuracy of 89.33% sensitivity of 89.37% and precision of 89.33%.
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