Spatial Distribution and Morphology Character of Podang Mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) from Five Sub-district in Kediri Regency, East Java, Indonesia

  • Aisyah Hadi Ramadani Generasi Biologi Indonesia (GENBINESIA) Foundation
  • Muhammad Riza Firdausi Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Rasyadan Taufiq Probojati Universitas Malang
  • Ahmad Affan Ali Murtadlo Generasi Biologi Indonesia (GENBINESIA) Foundation
Keywords: spatial distribution, morphology character, Mangga Podang local, altitude factor

Abstract

This study obejctives to determine the distribution maps and identify the morphological character of local Mangga Podang at five sub-districts in Kediri. This research used purposive sampling method for collecting data. Coordinate of local mango wasanalyzed using QGIS software version 3.6. Morphological characters are examined by observing the morphology. Microclimate factors that were measured are altitude, intensity, temperature and moisture of soil and air, soil pH, and soil nutrient. Morphological characterswere analyzed for homogenity by statistical test. The results showed that Mangga Podang distribution has spread in residential areas and has different altitude factors between 85-459 meters above sea level. The total population(individu/400m2) found in this study were Mojo10(11.2%), Banyakan 17 (19.1%), Grogol8 (9%), Semen 3 (3,4%)and Tarokan51 (57.3%). Mangga Podangof Kediri Regency generally have homogenous morphological characters, but there were the special character which differs each other, they are the number of flowers in 1 panicle, the weight of ripe fruit and exocarp color of ripe fruits. This morphological variation dependent to light intensity, altitudinal, the velocity of wind and soil nutrient factors.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andri, K.B, M. Winarno , and P.B. Daroini. (2013) “Characteristic of Mango Diversity in East Java: Case Study in Tiron, Kediri”, Proceeding International Conference The 4th Green Technology Faculty of Science and Technology Islamic of University State Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, 127-131.

Anwar R, Saheed A, M. Yaseen, W Ahmad, and M. Nafees. (2011) “Bimonthly Nutrient Application Programme On Calcareous Soil Improves Flowering And Fruit Set In Mango (Mangifera Indica L.)”, Pak. J. Bot., 43(2): 983-990.

Baswarsiati and Yuniarti. (2007) “Karakter Morfologis dan Beberapa Keunggulan Mangga Podang Urang (Mangifera indica L.)”, Buletin Plasma Nutfah 13 (2): 62-69

Ewusie. (1990) Pengantar Ekologi Tropika. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Fitmawati and I Hayati. 2018) Mangifera of Sumatra. Pekanbaru: University Riau Press. pp.19-46

Fitmawati, A Swita, N Sofyanti, Herman. 2013. Analisis Kekerabatan Morfologi Mangifera dari Sumatera Tengah. Floribunda 4 (7):169-174

Mukherjee, SK. (1972) “Origin of the mango (Mangifera indica L.)”, Economic Botany, 26: 260-264.

Rahajeng A.R.P.(2015) “Pengaruh Faktor Abiotik terhadap Hubungan Kekerabatan Tanaman Sansiviera trifasciata L”. Jurnal Biota 1:1.

Ramadani, A H and N. Istiqomah.(2017) Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hayati V, 136-142.

Setijati, D. Sastrapradja, and M.A. Rifai. 1987) Mengenal Nusantara Melalui Kekayan Floranya. Bogor: Komisi Pelestarian Plasma Nutfah Nasional.

Stevovic S, V S Mikovilovi, and D Ali-Dragosavac. (2010) “Environmental impact on morphological and anatomical structure of Tansy”, African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (16): 2413-2421.

Sumiasri, N., J. Rijadi, and D. Priadi. (2006) “Variasi Jenis dan kultivar mangga di Madiundan sekitarnya; Perkembangan dan Permasalahannya”, Biodiversitas 7 (1): 39- 43.

Uji, T. (2007) “Review: Keanekaragaman JenisBuah-Buahanasli Indonesia danPotensinya”, Biodiversitas, 8 (2): 157-167.

Vieccelli J C, D L D Siquera, W M D S Bispo, and L M C Lemos. (2016) Characterization Of Leaves And Fruits Of Mango (Mangifera Indica L.) Cv. Imbu, Rev. Bras. Frutic., Jaboticabal – SP 38(3): 1-19.

CROSSMARK
Published
2020-02-29
DIMENSIONS
How to Cite
Hadi RamadaniA., Muhammad Riza Firdausi, Taufiq ProbojatiR. and Affan Ali MurtadloA. (2020) “Spatial Distribution and Morphology Character of Podang Mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) from Five Sub-district in Kediri Regency, East Java, Indonesia”, Biotropic : The Journal of Tropical Biology, 4(1), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.29080/biotropic.2020.4.1.1-7.