Identification of Bryophytes in Jumog Waterfall, Karanganyar, Central Java, Indonesia
AbstractIndonesia, as a mega-biodiversity country, has a high diversity of bryophytes (Liverworts, Hornworts, and Mosses). In addition, a waterfall is one of the most optimum places for bryophytes to life. One of many waterfalls in Indonesia is Jumog Waterfall. It is located in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. This study aimed to know the diversity of bryophytes in Jumog Waterfall, identify the species, and analyze the genetic relationship through the species based on morphological characters. The explorative method was used to collect the samples. Identification of species was done by comparing samples to the handbook of identification. The results were; (1) there were fifteen species that found in Jumog Waterfall; (2) The highest similarity among species was 90%. They were grouped in genus Fissidentales, Order Dicranales, and Order Hypnobryales. Then, The lowest similarity was 30.8%. They were between Funaria hygrometrica and Riccia fliutans. It distinguished liverwort, hornwort, and mosses
Anonimous (2015) Jumog Waterfall,Google earth.
Aryanti, N. S. and Gradstein, S. R. (2007) ‘Wallace’s line and the distribution of the liverworts of Sulawesi’, Cryptogamie Bryologie. Elsevier,28(1), pp. 3–14.
Bawaihaty, N., Istomo and Hilwan, I. (2014) ‘Keanekaragaman dan Peran Ekologi Bryophyta di Hutan Sesaot’, Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika, 05(April), pp. 13–17.
Campbell, N. A. and Jane, B. (2008) ‘BIOLOGI’, in, p. 2008.
Dodik (2011) Air Terjun Jumog. Available at: http://www.karanganyarkab.go.id/20110124/air-terjun-jumog/.
Goffinet, B. and Shaw, A. J. (2009) ‘Bryophyte Biology’, in. New York: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://scholar.google.com/scholar? hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:Bryo phyte+Biology#0.
Gradstein, R. et al. (2011) ‘BRYOPHYTES OF MOUNT PATUHA, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA’, REINWARDTIA, 13(3), pp. 1–5.
Hölscher, D. et al. (2004) ‘The importance of epiphytes to total rainfall interception by a tropical montane rain forest in Costa Rica’, Journal of Hydrology, 292(1–4), pp. 308–322. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2004.01.015.
Musyarofah, Akmal, H. and Ariyanti, N. S. (2015) ‘KEANEKARAGAMAN LUMUT HATI DAN LUMUT TANDUK PASCA ERUPSI DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERAPI, YOGYAKARTA’, Journal of Bogor Agricultural University, 1, pp. 1689–1699.doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.
Pasaribu, N. (2013) ‘Studi Pendahuluan Lumut Di Lau Kawar , Kabupaten Karo’, Prosiding Semirata FMIPA Universitas Lampung, 2013 Studi, pp.193–198.
Romawati, Ariyanti, N. S. and Akmal, H. (2013) ‘Keanekaragaman Lumut Di Jalur Pendakian Cemoro Sewu Gunung Lawu , Jawa Timur’, Journal of Bogor Agricultural University. Available at: http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/66674?show=full.
Tjitroseopomo, G. (2009) Taksonomi tumbuhan (Schizophyta, Thallophyta,Thallophyta, Broyphyta, Pteridophyta) Prof. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Vashishta, B.R., Sinha, A.K., Kumar, a. (2010) ‘Botany for Degree Students: BRYOPHYTA’, in. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd., Ram Nagar, New Delhi, pp. 7–10. Available at: http://books.google.com.pk/books/ about/Botany_for_Degree_Students. html?id=l5YCGwAACAAJ&pgis=1.
Yudianto, S. A.(1992)Pengantar cryptogamae. Kedua. Bandung: TARSITo.
Copyright (c) 2019 Yasir Sidiq
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.