Utilization of Cockle Shell (Anadara Granosa) as Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregates in Concrete


  • Ranno Marlany Rachman Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakuktas Teknik, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kendari, Indonesia
  • Try Sugiyarto Soeparyanto Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakuktas Teknik, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kendari, Indonesia
  • Edward Ngii Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakuktas Teknik, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kendari, Indonesia




clamshell, compressive strength, concrete technology


This research aimed to utilize Anadara Granosa (Blood clam shell) clamshell waste as a new innovation in concrete technology and to investigate the effect of Anadara Granosa clamshell powder utilization as an aggregate substitution on the concrete compressive strength. The sample size was made of cylinders with a size of 10 cm x 20 cm with variations of clamshell powder 10%, 20% and 30% from the fine aggregate volume then soaked for 28 days as per the method of the Indonesian National Standard. The evaluation results exhibited that the slump value exceeded the slump value of normal concrete with a slump value of 0% = 160 mm, 10% = 165 mm, 20% = 180 mm and 30% = 180 mm. Additionally, it was found that the concrete compressive strength obtained post 28 days were 20.78 Mpa, 21.95 Mpa, 21.17 Mpa and 24.28 Mpa for normal concrete (0%), substitution concrete (10%), substitution concrete (20%) and substitution concrete (30%), respectively. Leading on from these results, it was concluded that the increment of Anadara Granosa clamshell powder substitution led to the increase of concrete compressive strength test.


Download data is not yet available.


Andika, R., & Safarizki, H. A. (2019). Utilization of Clamshell Waste (Anadara Granosa) As An Additional and Complementary Material Against The Compressive Strength Normal CONCRETE. MoDuluS: Media Communication World Civil Sciences, 1(1), 1-6.

Andrade, C., Sarrı́a, J., & Alonso, C. (1999). Relative humidity in the interior of concrete exposed to natural and artificial weathering. Cement and concrete research, 29(8), 1249-1259.

Arbi, M. H. (2015). The Effect of clamshell Substitution with Fine Aggregate on the Compressive Strength of Concrete. Lantera: Scientific Journal of Science and Technology, 147421.

Erni, S., H. Gagoek, and K. Purwanto. (2016). Green concrete made of oyster shell waste to support green building material. Jurnal Teknologi 78.5.

Ferraris, C. F. (1999). Measurement of the rheological properties of high performance concrete: state of the art report. Journal of research of the national institute of standards and technology, 104(5), 461.

Gaus, Abdul, et al. (2019). Experimental Study of the Use of Pumice Sand in the Rigid Pavement." EPI International Journal of Engineering 2.1: 61-66.

Hoang, N. D., & Pham, A. D. (2016). Estimating Concrete Workability Based on Slump Test with Least Squares Support Vector Regression. Journal of Construction Engineering.

Humaidi, M., & Hafizh, M. (2011). Effect 0f Slump Value On Compressive Strength. Journal INTEKNA, Year XI, No. 2,: 140 – 145

Jennings, H. M., Bullard, J. W., Thomas, J. J., Andrade, J. E., Chen, J. J., & Scherer, G. W. (2008). Characterization and modeling of pores and surfaces in cement paste: correlations to processing and properties. Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 6(1), 5-29.

Jiexi, Zhang, Guo Fucheng, and Lei Gang. (2011). "Study on construction methods of shallow⁃ buried tunnel under condition of upper⁃ soft lower⁃ hard ground by numerical simulation." Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering : S1

Kaplan, S. A. (1980). Factors affecting the relationship between rate of loading and measured compressive strength of concrete. Magazine of Concrete Research, 32(111), 79-88.

Katrina, G. (2014). Utilization of shellfish waste as a substitute for sand and bagasse ash as a cement substitution in a K-225 quality concrete mixture. Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2(3), 308-313.

Lertwattanaruk, Pusit, Natt Makul, and Chalothorn Siripattarapravat. (2012). Utilization of ground waste seashells in cement mortars for masonry and plastering. Journal of environmental management 111: 133-141.

Luck, Joe D., et al. (2008). Solid material retention and nutrient reduction properties of pervious concrete mixtures. Biosystems engineering 100.3 : 401-408.

Mochtar, Krishna. (2004). Pricing strategy in the Indonesian construction industry." Civil Engineering Dimension 4.2 : 85-93.

Mo, K. H., Alengaram, U. J., Jumaat, M. Z., Lee, S. C., Goh, W. I., & Yuen, C. W. (2018). Recycling of seashell waste in concrete: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 162, 751-764.

Ngii, E., Mustika, W., Sukri, A. S., Balaka, R., Sriyani, R., & Welendo, L. (2020). The effect of clamshells partial substitution of coarse aggregates on the mechanical properties of shellfish concrete (Berang). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 419, No. 1, p. 012064). IOP Publishing.

Nguyen, Dang Hanh, et al. (2017). Durability of pervious concrete using crushed seashells." Construction and Building Materials135 : 137-150.

Neville, Adam M. (1995). Properties of concrete. Vol. 4. London: Longman.

Nurul Huda, Ali, Istikamah Subuki, and Muhammad Hussain Ismail. 2014. Synthesized Hydroxyapatite Powder from Clamshell via Chemical Precipitation Method." Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 911. Trans Tech Publications,

Ong, B. P., & Kassim, U. (2019). Performance of concrete incorporating of clam shell as partially replacement of ordinary Portland cement (OPC). Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Mechanics, 55(1), 12-21.

Pamulu, Muhammad Sapri. (2010). Strategic management practices in the construction industry: a study of Indonesian enterprises. Diss. Queensland University of Technology.

Pinru, Zhu, et al. (1987). Analysis and experiments of interaction of steel and concrete composite beam." Journal of Building Structures 6 : 42.

Sajedi, F., & Razak, H. A. (2011). Effects of curing regimes and cement fineness on the compressive strength of ordinary Portland cement mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 25(4), 2036-2045.

Scanlon, John M. (1994). Factors influencing concrete workability." Significance of tests and properties of concrete and concrete-making materials. ASTM International.

Schowalter, W. R., and G. Christensen. (1998). Toward a rationalization of the slump test for fresh concrete: comparisons of calculations and experiments." Journal of Rheology 42.4 : 865-870.

SNI 03-2493-1991, Method of Making and Careing Concrete Test in Laboratory

SNI 1972:2008, Concrete slump test method

SNI 03-1974-1990 Test method for concrete compressive strength

Surahyo, A., Surahyo, & Luby. (2019). Concrete Construction. Springer International Publishing.

Vijayakumar, G., H. Vishaliny, and D. Govindarajulu. (2013). Studies on glass powder as partial replacement of cement in concrete production." International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering 3.2 : 153-157.

Yu, Jianguo, et al. (2011). Prediction of fatigue crack growth in steel bridge components using acoustic emission." Journal of Constructional Steel Research 67.8 : 1254-1260.



How to Cite

Rachman, R. M. ., Soeparyanto, T. S. ., & Ngii, E. . (2021). Utilization of Cockle Shell (Anadara Granosa) as Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregates in Concrete. Al-Ard: Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 6(2), 96–103. https://doi.org/10.29080/alard.v6i2.1193