Mayoral Leadership in Shaping Urban Beautification in Surabaya and Aspects Influencing Its Capacity

Keywords: mayoral leadership, urban beautification, urban design, urban governance


Leadership has an expansive meaning because it is a field study that comprises several different dimensions such as psychology, management, organization, and politics. On the other hand, the study of leadership’s role on urban development issues is still relatively scarce, especially in developing countries. The literature shows that local governments under the mayor as the highest-ranking position of municipal prioritise urban development is very much a function of socio-cultural norms and leadership styles. Therefore, mayoral leadership is vital regarding local government interventions to promote urban beautification in Indonesia. It is undeniable that leadership is a significant aspect of urban governance. Taking a case study in Surabaya, evidence shows that leadership plays important roles in urban governance, especially in facilitating and advising processes. Drawing on analysis of relevant documents, literature, and interviews with key decision-makers in Surabaya, the findings indicate that the quality of mayoral leadership has played a vital role in enhancing the beautification of urban form in Surabaya as a result of the urban design process. The mechanisms underlying this role include that the mayor has a sound understanding of the urban design and has been able to intervene to insist on good urban design as policy and has the standing to approach officials and community members on the urban beautification process. The quality of mayoral leadership has played a vital role in shaping the better urban beautification of Surabaya. A Mayor who has a wide-ranging grasp of urban design has advantages for the local government.


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Author Biographies

Faruq Ibnul Haqi, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

School of Creative, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

Department of Architecture, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel, Surabaya, Indonesia

contributed to the research concepts preparation, methodologies, investigations, data analysis, visualization. articles drafting  and revisions

Sri Tuntung Pandangwati, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • School of Global Urban and Social Studies, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Australia

contribute to the research concepts preparation and literature reviews, data analysis, of article drafts preaparation and validation


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How to Cite
HaqiF. I., & PandangwatiS. T. (2021). Mayoral Leadership in Shaping Urban Beautification in Surabaya and Aspects Influencing Its Capacity. EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, 6(2), 91-104.